Resolve that philippines be divided into federal states essay

Federalism advantages and disadvantages essay

Pimentel, he suggested the creation of 11 federal states out of the existing political subdivisions of the country with Metro Manila as the federal administrative region akin to Washington D. Hopefully, this will lead to friendly competition between states that will help raise the quality of life and economic development for everybody involved. The United States version of federalism was enacted with the Constitution in , and has evolved in different ways since then. Be sure to fully address what federalism is and why it was created. The police claim that many of these deaths were the result of the suspects resisting arrest, but evidence from journalists and human rights groups shows that many were premeditated extra-judicial killings EJKs. In a marathon session on May 1, , Quezon and Jones urged House Democrats to vote for the new version. It is not surprising that crime is a major problem in the Philippines, given its high level of poverty, underresourced and corruption-prone law enforcement agencies, and glacially slow judiciary. Next, there is always a chance that it will bring more division than unity in the Philippines. First, there are those who fear that the country will be dismembered and end up with separatist movements everywhere. It was not until the legislature convened, however, that Filipino leaders assembled behind the Partido Nacionalista. What would the Philippines look like under transition to a federal form of government? A more truthful exchange of views would demolish a key anti-federalism argument: They fail to give the biggest and best examples — the US, Canada, Germany, Malaysia and the UAE. Independence remained a driving force in Manila, but in Washington, Philippine Resident Commissioners had to navigate between Republican and Democratic administrations that came down on different sides of the independence debate. Broad support for democracy among Filipinos has been consistently borne out in surveys. Following the adoption of the Constitution, the early federal Congresses continued the practice as the nation expanded westward.

However, the degree of alienation should not be overstated: few Filipinos ever go to court, and surveys indicate that the judiciary and the police both enjoy moderately high approval ratings. He ran on his reputation as an effective, no-nonsense mayor of Davao who prioritized law and order over legal protections for alleged criminals.

The law replaced the governor general with an American high commissioner, and it changed how the Philippines was represented on the Hill.

List four disadvantages of federalism for democracy

Duterte has remained popular because he entered office with an energized base of support and because elements of his persona and policies appeal across socioeconomic classes. Duterte is the first president from the southern island of Mindanao, and his election was a significant political milestone for the Philippines. If both houses agree to change the constitution, the revised charter will be subject to a national plebiscite. Liberty is a state of freedom within a society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one 's way of life, behavior, or political views. But his push to rapidly increase spending on infrastructure, combined with the weakening of accountability mechanisms, almost guarantees more corruption and malfeasance in government. In , Communist Party of Maoist Nepal started civil war and ended in It is rare for multiple government authorities—including the PNP, national government agencies, and local government officials—to work together to address pressing social issues.

Duterte argues that federalism is primarily about peace. The various reshuffles are placing more hard-line police officers in command positions. It has been in place, virtually untouched for 31 years, since It was not until the legislature convened, however, that Filipino leaders assembled behind the Partido Nacionalista.


The president is limited to a single six-year term, so the power and influence of individual presidents is transitory. How true is this claim? Some, however, started closer to the top. He was executed by the Spanish colonial government for the crime of rebellion after the Philippine Revolution, inspired in part by his writings, broke out. The United States system of federalism has changed greatly through landmark court decisions, congressional decisions, and strong presidential influence. The first problem the Philippines would have to iron out would be the overlaps in jurisdiction. Lawmakers, backed by a negative propaganda campaign designed to curb Philippine autonomy and led largely by U. This is why Cooperative Federalism is appealing to this day and still exercised, because the U. However, by and large,they are successful. Disabling Democratic Checks and Balances As a former mayor, Duterte is used to governing by decree and by dint of his personality, popularity, and unrivaled authority. This is likely a reference to the numerous revisions the BBL has undergone, and the number of years it has stayed in Congress. Although largely overlooked by most analyses, the PNP, and its predecessor the Philippine Constabulary, have long been at the nexus of politics, crime, and the rule of law.

All in all, a federal form of government in the Philippines is a hot topic among Filipinos because it is expected to accommodate regional preferences and diversity - a matter of great importance in a country with 7, islands and more than 40 different ethnic groups.

The Commission on Human Rights has limited authority and a small staff and budget. Disadvantage of Federalism Conflict of Authority the biggest problem that arises when you have two bodies in power is the power struggle.

Benefits of federalism

The negative …show more content… Every region will dream big, because no one will help them in the federal system but their own. Federalism can be defined as the relationship between the individual state governments of America and the national or federal government of the United States; and works to balance the power of a large central government, and the power of the smaller regional governments. Senate Resolution 10 is a pleasant surprise because the Senate has a long history of opposing any move to amend the Constitution. Many countries now are a federalist form of government. The senators strongly oppose moves to convene Congress into a Constituent Assembly, to pave the way for constitutional amendments. Read on The Judicial and Bar Council which screens nominees to the judiciary would be abolished. The issue of self-rule itself is not questionable at all, the critical point though is how much power the regions should have and how different responsibilities should be divided between the national state and the regions. Finally, Duterte has periodically raised the specter of declaring martial law nationwide or forming a revolutionary government that would no longer be bound by the constitution. This is why federalism is such a great advantage. The vast majority of provinces, which will be submerged into new federal states, lack the basic administrative capacity for generating revenue. Skyscrapers in Manila, Philippines. During his campaign, he heaped criticism on the Manila-based elite, vowed to undertake a nationwide assault on illegal drugs and criminality, and promised to change the government to a federal system. One explanation offered is that it reflects widespread disillusionment with the Philippine justice system.

By contrast, political and business families such as the Marcoses, Cojuangcos, Aquinos, and Ayalas—to name just a few—have had noteworthy longevity and adaptability. They will have the main responsibility over developing their local industries, public health and safety, education, transportation, and culture.

The judicial branch decides the constitutionality of federal laws and resolves other disputes about federal laws. The next few paragraphs will go through the history of federalism in the United States.

why is federalism important
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Federalism: What Filipinos need to know