To be intellect one studies and learns with an open mind.
Confucius says that humility and sincerity make others put their trust in a person. Finally the fifth responsibility was ruler-subject, which meant the rulers were presented as a father figure to all.
Young Chinese are still taught the importance of obeying and respecting their parents, ancestors, and elders. This civilization suffered a setback when in B. Should the ruler be surrounded by xiaoren as opposed to junzi, his governance and his people will suffer due to their small-mindness.
Examples of such xiaoren individuals can range from those who continually indulge in sensual and emotional pleasures to the career politician who is interested merely in power and fame ; neither sincerely aims for the long-term benefit of others.
Confucius realized that in order to become a full person, you would have to make contributions to others by fulfilling obligations to them. Therefore, such actions violate the utilitarian norms that direct a person to act emotionally for the well-being of the others Mizzoni, Facts Matter.