Increasing the temperature of bread dough increases its volume.
For example… Doubling the absolute temperature of the air in an engine cylinder will double its volume. While there the dough expands again, but his time it's not due to the action of microorganisms they all die around the boiling point of water.
Boyle neglected to mention it, but the data he used to derive his law were most likely collected during a period in which the temperature did not experience any significant change. The marshmallow-vacuum experiment shown above is an example of a "slow" process.
The variables of state like the PressureVolume and Temperature of a gas depict its true nature.
The relationship is again directly proportional so the equation for calculations is Gay Lussac's Law - states that the pressure of a given amount of gas held at constant volume is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature. Laws of Gas Properties There are 4 general laws that relate the 4 basic characteristic properties of gases to each other.
To calculate a change in pressure or temperature using Gay Lussac's Law the equation looks like this: To play around a bit with the relationships, try this simulation.
The values for temperature and pressure here are the standard values.