An agrarian law would soon take place.
To resolve this dispute, the Convention agreed that the house would elect the president if no candidate had an electoral college majority, but that each state delegation would vote as a bloc, rather than individually. Ultimately, however, its main contribution was in determining the apportionment of the Senate, and thus retaining a federal character in the constitution.
In Randolph's outline the committee replaced that language with a list of 18 specific "enumerated" powers, many adopted from the Articles of Confederation, that would strictly limit the Congress' authority to measures such as imposing taxes, making treaties, going to war, and establishing post offices.
The committee transferred important powers from the Senate to the president, for example the power to make treaties and appoint ambassadors.
However, Rutledge, himself a former state governor, was determined that while the new national government should be stronger than the Confederation government had been, the national government's power over the states should not be limitless; and at Rutledge's urging, the committee went beyond what the Convention had proposed.
Most accepted the desire among the slave states to count slaves as part of the population, although their servile status was raised as a major objection against this. Southern and northern delegates also agreed to strengthen the Fugitive Slave Clause in exchange for removing a requirement that two-thirds of Congress agree on "navigation acts" regulations of commerce between states and foreign governments.
At times it seemed that the Convention would fail as a result of seemingly irreconcilable views between the delegates, especially on the questions of selecting representatives to Congress, the relationship of the national and state governments, and the powers of the president.
Introduction ByAmericans recognized that the Articles of Confederation, the foundation document for the new United States adopted inhad to be substantially modified. The Constitutional Convention of Photo caption Wikimedia Commons On the last day of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin observed that he had often wondered whether the design on the president's chair depicted a rising or a setting sun.