Arms race in development of the cold war history essay

what are the effects of arms race

An additional countries have signed this treaty since The Germans in the end could not keep up, because of domestic difficulties in raising taxes and pressures to give greater priority to spending on the army. Held back by domestic financial constraints, Britain and France had lagged behind.

The arms race was throughout the cold war, which lasted about 45 years.

How did the arms race affect the soviet economy

Over the next 10 years, the Soviet Union and U. The Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as the country's President on December 25 and the Soviet Union was declared non-existent the following day. Domestic pressure within Pakistan began to build steam and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ordered the test, detonated 6 nuclear war weapons Chagai-I and Chagai-II in a tit-for-tat fashion and to act as a deterrent. It began during the last stages of World War II when the alliances were crumbling and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in On April 8, , former U. But in this case, as in the two European wars, hegemonic political ambitions fueled the conflict. S relations. The presidency of Ronald Reagan proposed a missile defense programmed tagged the Strategic Defense Initiative , a space based anti-ballistic missile system derided as " Star Wars " by its critics; simultaneously, missile defense was also being researched in the Soviet Union. This was crippling to their economy and helped to bring an end to the Cold War. It is estimated that by there were enough nuclear bombs built to destroy the world. The new qualitative improvements embodied in the last American arms spurt of the Cold War made Soviet military leaders nervous and helps explain why they were willing in the mids to accept the new ideas promoted by Mikhail Gorbachev in hopes of raising the technological level of Soviet society. An additional countries have signed this treaty since The US B bomber could fly 6, miles and deliver a nuclear bomb. The world was shocked.

Thanks for watching! It is common for a major race to be initiated by a state interested in changing the political status quo. The first competitive buildup in which contemporaries used the arms race metaphor seems to have been the naval rivalry in the late nineteenth century, in which France and Russia challenged Britain in the context of acute tensions over colonial expansion.

Though the naval arms race did poison Anglo-German relations, it was the actions of the German army, not the German navy, that ultimately produced war in This meant that both countries could destroy the other country in the case of attack.

The Cold War was the 20th century's version of great power rivalry except they were superpowers with the ability to annihilate each other with nuclear weapons at a moments notice.

Arms race in development of the cold war history essay

Thanks for watching! Due to high costs and complex technology for its time, the scope of the SDI project was reduced from defense against a massive attack to a system for defending against limited attacks, transitioning into the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization. Militaries began to work on defenses such as large radar arrays to tell if a missile had been launched. Finally, in India, under Atal Bihari Vajpayee government, test detonated 5 more nuclear weapons. These events led to much political fallout, as well as the Cuban Missile Crisis in It was characterized by both political and military superiority between United States, which was backed by its NATO allies, and Soviet Union that led the communist side. Pakistan had its own covert atomic bomb projects in which extended over many years since the first Indian weapon was detonated. Citation Information. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. The U. The nuclear competition started in with India detonating the device, codename Smiling Buddha , at the Pokhran region of the Rajasthan state. Senate ratified the treaty in December by a three-quarter majority. In the early s both sides realized that something had to give. We will outmatch them at every pass and outlast them all. This was an even more powerful version of the nuclear bomb.

This was a race that, for financial reasons, none of the participants wanted to run very far. As the Cold War progressed there were occasions where the US extended its participation beyond what was necessary by not acting in a quick and decisive manner.

They also worked on defense missiles that could shoot down ICBMs.

arms race technology

Russian President Vladimir Putin responded to the withdrawal by ordering a build-up of Russia's nuclear capabilities, designed to counterbalance U. When from the mids the Soviets undertook the most massive peacetime military buildup in history, the United States chose to disengage somewhat from the race.

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COLD War and the Arms Race Essay