A critique of fredrick jackson turners thesis about the ideals of the american west
Frederick jackson turner apush
Finally, he was from a school of progressive historians who liked to evaluate history analytically and systematically, on a grand scale and not focus on individuals. Thus each one of the periods of lax financial integrity coincides with periods when a new set of frontier communities had arisen, and coincides in area with these successive frontiers, for the most part. The next four, shorter essays by Limerick, Malone, Thompson and West continue this "New Western" history assessment of the frontier. This is just an example, Ridge feels, of the widespread impact that the frontier thesis has had on American life. Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western frontier, including slavery. Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. Each of these played a vital role in the eventual mastering of the frontier wilderness; each would make provisions for those who would follow. In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the Western past continues to define us today. Awarded his doctorate in , he was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe. Ridge goes on to describe the process by which Turner made his thesis known.
At the edge of this "free land" was the massive—yet rapidly receding—western American frontier. They also agreed that the "frontier" was over, and that a new page in history was about to begin.
Many historians have put their opinions of Turner into writing— with books, essays, and theses of their own, all on this heated frontier debate.
How accurate was frederick jackson turners thesis about the american frontier
Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of "free land. Turner hoped that stability would replace mobility as a defining factor in the development of American society and that communities would become stronger as a result. To Turner, the epitome of being a pioneer was to be a farmer. Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. Not only does the frontier stand as the bedrock of the American nation, it also creates a new people, "a mixed race, English in neither nationality nor characteristics" Turner He and his "Wild West" show rolled into town, drawing large audiences of up to 18, people. It was for this reason that he sought to explain the ways the frontier had been an influential part of this history. Finally, he was from a school of progressive historians who liked to evaluate history analytically and systematically, on a grand scale and not focus on individuals.
Salt was a staple in the lives of these settlers, as well as something that had still tied them to the East up until this point. In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. The tensions between small churches as a result of this fight, Turner states, exist today because of the religious attempt to master the West and those effects are worth further study.
It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: "And now, four centuries from the discovery of America, at the end of a hundred years of life under the Constitution, the frontier has gone, and with its going has closed the first period of American history.
According to the New Western History, the West is not some moving line advancing westward, but a region, with geographical limits and intrinsic characteristics.
Awarded his doctorate inhe was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe.
Frederick jackson turner frontier thesis pdf
So long as free land exists, the opportunity for a competency exists, and economic power secures political power. However, the work of historians during the s—s, some of whom sought to bury Turner's conception of the frontier, and others who sought to spare the concept but with nuance, have done much to place Western myths in context. According to Bancroft, the Germanic germs had spread across of all Western Europe by the Middle Ages and had reached their height. He asked why the Turnerian American character was limited to English settlements in the New World, and why the frontier did not produce that same character among Native Americans and Spaniards. He traced the social evolution of frontier life as it continually developed across the continent from the primitive conditions experienced by the explorer, trapper, and trader, through maturing agricultural stages, finally reaching the complexity of city and factory. It was democratic and nonsectional, if not national; "easy, tolerant, and contented;" rooted strongly in material prosperity. American exceptionality could be placed in the hands of most any American institution, or even all the institutions together that made America a separate and unique nation. This development, in Turner's description of the frontier, "begins with the Indian and the hunter; it goes on with the disintegration of savagery by the entrance of the trader According to Turner, the westward movement Americanized the pioneer, shaped American institutions, and promoted democracy.
Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. It was democratic and nonsectional, if not national; "easy, tolerant, and contented;" rooted strongly in material prosperity.
He sought to prove wrong those who clung to the "European germ theory". The West in the war of repeated the phenomenon on the frontier of that day, while the speculation and wild-cat banking of the period of the crisis of occurred on the new frontier belt of the next tier of States.
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